Chinese experts: S300 deployed in Abkhazia, Russia is intended to prevent the United States
Data Figure: Russian S-300 missile
Itar-Tass reported that Russian Air Force commander Alexander Zelin announced August 11 that Russia had deployed in Abkhazia, S-300 missile system, which will work in South Ossetia with the Russian Army’s air defense system, responsible for maintenance of Abkhazia and South Ossetia’s airspace security mission. As we all know, S-300 is the world’s more advanced long-range air defense missile systems, and have limited anti-missile capability. The region of Abkhazia in Georgia and the whole Caucasus region a special place, and decided to deploy advanced anti-aircraft missiles in the sensitivity. Prop up the side of Russian missiles in the region “umbrella”, is how the geo-strategic for the purpose of interview with Xinhua Military National Defense University Professor of Humanities and Social Sciences, Ma Jianguang.
Xinhua Military: Could you briefly explain the S-300 missile system’s performance characteristics?
Ma Jianguang: S-300 air defense missiles is Russia’s most advanced air defense weapons and active one, able to attack multiple targets simultaneously, with the power to intercept air targets, cruise missiles and tactical ballistic missiles ability. The first S-300 missile system entered service in 1984, S-300PMU1 missile, which uses a maximum range of 150 km 48N6E missile, warhead weight 145 kilograms, the flight speed of Mach 6 (2800 m/s), S -300PMU1 automatic coordinate with 64N6E type in high-altitude search radar, to search for 300 kilometers of the high-altitude targets. To meet the invisible war against the Middle East needs, S-300PMU1 can be deployed in the hilly, forest area of ??the camouflage positions, S-300PMU1 40V6-type tower is also equipped with low-altitude search radar, the target of the search capabilities of low minimum height of 10 engaged meters. S-300PMU1 system launches a speed of 3 seconds to serve, guided 12 missiles simultaneously, one can simultaneously engaged six different targets, the system response speed less than 15 seconds.
Xinhua military: The smaller countries, the Georgian point of view, S-300 performance has been very “strong” the.
Ma Jianguang: Yes. Russian military experts believe that the S-300 deployed in Abkhazia, Georgia, its search range can cover nearly 1/3 of the land area, and the Black Sea coast. Russian Institute of Strategic Assessment and Analysis Konovalov that, S-300 air defense missile systems to prevent access to the Black Sea for the U.S. aircraft carrier. Is also a well-known U.S. think-tank said in a research report, through the deployment of such missiles, Russia would like to intercept in the vicinity of the Black Sea region, Caucasus Georgia and the South Georgia or air corridors to fly the United States and NATO aircraft.
Xinhua Military: Russia to deploy missiles, the Georgian government strongly opposed. Interestingly, cells Deputy Prime Minister said the move was “the first cause of NATO’s anxiety,” you have to see how?
Ma Jianguang: grid Foreign Ministry said in a statement, the Russian move is the Russian territory on the grid, “the militarization of aggression” is another example of not only the Black Sea region, but also for the security of Europe threat. Statement called on the international community to take resolute measures to stop the Russian territory of grid “aggression.” Deputy Prime Minister and a unified grid, Minister of State Willy James Bash said Russia’s move to deploy missiles aimed at “breaking the regional balance of power.” Willy special reference to the reason why Jacob Bash “NATO’s first cause anxiety,” mainly because the United States and the special relationship between NATO and Georgia.
for the containment of Russia, close to the United States and Georgia, in 2009, the United States and Georgia signed a “strategic partnership charter.” According to the agreement to deepen political, economic, energy, democratic reform, in particular, defense and security affairs and other fields. Deployed in Abkhazia for Russia air defense missile systems, but the U.S. government response to low-key. Crowley, the U.S. State Department spokesman told the media: “We know that in the past two years, Russia has deployed in Abkhazia, S-300 air defense missile system … This is not news.” “We can not confirm whether they increase the number of deployed … we will remain concerned, “while the United States has also said the move is not conducive to regional stability.
Xinhua military: Why the United States in response to very low-key?
Ma Jianguang: I think the time has ignited the front view of the “spy gate” incident, the United States in dealing with the issue of Georgia, want too much to provoke Russia. The U.S. government is to reconsider a series of cooperation projects with Russia, including in the military, the United States recognizes Georgia’s political allies, but also default support two regional independent Russia, in return for Russia in other areas of the “cooperation and support.”
Xinhua military: The aftermath of the Russian grid conflict in the Caucasus now is how complex the situation?
Ma Jianguang: Due to geographical proximity, ethnic and religious relations are complicated and outside the Caucasus and Russia’s national interests have always been closely related to the direct impact on Russia’s North Caucasus region has not been fundamentally strengthening the security and stability.
Georgia is a special culture of the ancient, located outside the northwestern Caucasus, Russia’s north, south and Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan border, west of the Black Sea, an important strategic position. Abkhazia and South Ossetia are Georgia’s autonomous republic and autonomous prefecture, bordering with Russia has been seeking independence from Georgia, with the grid in the central government against the state. Post-Soviet Georgia, and gradually move closer to the West, to accept the U.S. military and economic assistance, Georgia is an ally of the United States in the war on terror, more active in recent years to join NATO, Russia in order to prevent NATO’s eastward expansion to South Ossetia plug ladder, Abkhazia, Georgia to join NATO to contain the process. August 8, 2008, the Georgian army into South Ossetia, and Russian troops clashed with a few days after Russia signed a ceasefire agreement lattice. Shortly thereafter, Russia announced its recognition of independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, and sent two border guards to help defend the border region and the mainland grid. According to the latest issue of Russia’s “military Mercury News,” revealed the Russian grid two years after the war, the U.S. provided to the grid of nearly 10 billion dollars in military equipment, the Georgian military power has been restored and improved.
Russia, the world arms trade center director 科罗特琴科 that this increases the Caucasus, the complexity of the military and political situation. In 2008, Russia and the outbreak of conflict frame was the first time the United States sent five ships to the Black Sea, then bring the “Tomahawk” cruise missile destroyers of the United States repeatedly visited the Black Sea coast of Georgia, Romania and Bulgaria ports. Russian military that the United States in the waters near Russia’s show of military force will frequently bring the military balance in the Black Sea region of significant change, a serious threat to Russia, for Russia’s Black Sea coast need to further strengthen the military.
entitled “Saakashvili did not want to calm down,” the analysis report, “military Mercury News,” further analysis that the lattice of the Russian President on the grid conflict two years ago to heart. In order to expand military strength and one day regain control of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, “big box on the one hand to please the U.S. and NATO troops to actively participate in the war in Afghanistan, on the other hand continue to seek from the United States, NATO and Israel and other countries to obtain advanced weapons
equipment “designed to” recapture the imagination of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. ” Therefore, in order to effectively protect Abkhazia and South Ossetia’s airspace security, Russia has deployed an advanced C-300 missile system against terrorism.
Xinhua military: the deployment of Russian missiles would then heighten regional tensions it?
Ma Jianguang: While deployed in Abkhazia, the Russian S-300 air defense missile system will be affected to some extent the situation in Georgia, but I think Georgia will not fundamentally change the status quo, but also does not prevent the Russian-US relations continue to adjust. The current international environment around Georgia are subject to change, the original odds with Russia, Ukraine, Poland and other countries have begun to build normal relations with Russia. In this context, Georgia did not like two years ago, hastily re-use of force, and Russia could not begin to take aggressive military measures. The deployment of Russian actions in Georgia still maintain a certain restraint, Abkhazia is still in the northwest corner of the South Ossetian Autonomous Region is located in the hinterland of Georgia, South Ossetian regional capital Tskhinvali, Russia from the grid border less than 50 kilometers from the Georgian capital Tbilisi, less than a hundred kilometers in South Ossetia if Russia further deployment of S-300 air defense missiles, then the search is sufficient to cover the whole territory of Georgia, when the mere ground air defense Weapons can be closed the entire Georgian airspace. Once again the future of the Russian grid crossfire, S-300 can be transferred to the direction of Tbilisi, the Georgian air power, air defense system is not used to back Georgia’s offensive, but in the case of the United States to intervene to protect the airspace. As Russia’s “military Mercury News” said, “In any case, the Russian troops and equipment will not leave Abkhazia and South Ossetia, because once we leave, where the outbreak of a bloody turn the bloody conflict.”