Survey Yusan Cheng Chinese people support the use of force to resolve territorial disputes
11 26, 311 Chinese fishery boats sailing near the sea in Xisha Yongxing Island.
the reporter segment Cong Cong
global survey of public opinion polling centers in seven major cities
Japan on the Diaoyu Islands sovereignty dispute, in the South China Sea issue China with some neighboring countries, the existence of territorial disputes, these problems frequently become over a period of time on a hot and foreign media. Chinese people are concerned about the islands dispute it? For how China should solve these problems, how about the ordinary Chinese people think? “Global Times’ global public opinion survey center last weekend in seven Chinese cities poll showed that 90% of respondents in China and Japan and other countries dispute between the islands expressed varying degrees of attention ; nearly surveyed believe that China should insist on bilateral negotiations to resolve these disputes; nearly eight percent of respondents do not agree with the United States in the islands, China and other countries to play a mediation role in the dispute. Experts believe that the survey shows that Chinese people are very concerned about the issue of territorial disputes and sensible attitude.
Center on Global public opinion surveys and the neighboring countries of China and Japan island dispute on November 5 to November 7 to random sampling by telephone in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Chengdu, Changsha, Shenyang and Xi’an for more than 18 years in seven cities conducted a survey of the general public. As at 12:00 on November 7, global public opinion survey center were a total of 1305 valid questionnaires. Findings are as follows:
When asked about the “China in the next 10 to 20 years the most important national goal should be what”, 65.3% of the respondents considered to be “accelerating economic development and modernization of power”; 51.8% of the respondents considered to be “to promote the progress of the people’s livelihood and achieve social equity”; 29.6% of respondents considered the “speed up the unification process to achieve Taiwan’s reunification with the motherland.” Select the “island dispute should defend the territorial sea” and accounted for 20.2%. About 2.5% of the respondents said “can not tell, do not know.”
survey also showed that 94.9% of respondents in China and Japan and other countries dispute between the islands have different degrees of attention, which states that “concern” 59.0% said “generally concern “29.0% said” not concerned “and accounted for 6.9%. And said “no concern” and no clear statement of the respondents were only 4% and 1.1%. The survey also shows that, for China and Japan and other countries, the dispute between the islands, the attention of male respondents than female. Expressed concern about the proportion of male respondents and 68.1%, than women (49.6%), nearly 19 percentage points higher; on the islands do not dispute the general interest or concern about the proportion of female respondents was 43.7%, than men (28.3%) 15 percentage points higher; expressly concern the proportion of male respondents only 3.1%, 4.9% for women.
When asked about “‘the disputed islands’ What China should adopt the basic strategy” when that should “adhere to China’s maritime boundary claims, the struggle for the implementation of the boundary” of the respondents accounted for 39.8%; that should be “insist on ‘sovereignty in me, putting aside disputes and seeking common development” strategy “of 35.3%. Another 18.3% of the respondents selected “countries to negotiate the dispute, redrawing the maritime boundary.”
for “China to resolve territorial disputes with neighboring countries in what way should be taken,” the question, 59.3% of the respondents selected “insisted resolved through bilateral negotiations”, 36.5% of respondents selected “in use force if necessary to resolve “, and 4.2% of respondents said” do not know, can not tell. ”
When asked about the “China in dealing with the island dispute, the question is what should be avoided”, the view that “to avoid China’s neighboring islands were gradually eroded,” accounted for 52.9% of the respondents that should “avoid the neighbors under the auspices of the United States, to form ‘anti-China alliance’” accounted for 40.0% of the respondents, 32.7% of the respondents think that we should “avoid armed conflict”, and 27.9% of the respondents think we should “avoid interference islands the overall situation of China’s opening up.”
disputes on the island, which China should be alert to the most countries? Global public opinion research center survey, select the United States and Japan the highest proportion of respondents, 47.4%, 40.5%. That should be most wary of the Vietnamese respondents, 3.6%. Choose Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Brunei, the respondents were 0.5%, 0.4%, 0.3%, 0.1%.
When asked “Do you agree with the United States in China and other countries to play a mediation role in island dispute”, the seven cities in 76.3% of respondents who gave a negative answer; 19.0% of the respondents said they agreed to mediation from the United States; 4.7% of the respondents have not made it clear.
this poll reflects the Chinese people what kind of mentality is this? China Foreign Affairs University Strategy and Conflict Management Research Center, Ren Suhao that the more prominent recent territorial dispute, online speculation is hot, some strong views appeared to be very prominent. But this survey shows that Chinese people in the territorial dispute is not as emotional as usually considered, is still very rational. For example, the rational over the emotional emphasis on national economic development, advocating the use of force to defend the country’s territorial point of view. Also advocated a negotiated settlement of accounts for more than a military solution to the point of view. Experts were surprised that there are two, one people in the South China Sea dispute on the issue of knowledge and the actual situation. For example, Vietnam’s concern is not high. Second, 19% of people agree that the United States to play a mediating role in disputes. This shows that there are people do not realize, the United States on this issue would “pull side frame.”
Institute of International Relations, Renmin University of China Professor Jin that the survey shows that people are not keen to use drastic measures to solve the problem. Generally believe that through long-term development, so that national strength, improve people’s living standards is the most important. In addition, some of the findings from the proportional distribution can be seen that Chinese society is diverse perspectives, the interests of diversity, which will increase the difficulty of foreign policy.
(“Global Times,” November 8, 2010 No. 03 version)
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