U.S. inventory gains and losses for seven years war: arms fortune of public opinion split (Figure)
2007 年 11 月 25 Monica Beach in California on the United States, countless crosses represent the United States for the Iraq war costs.
8 18, the last one in Iraq combat troops to retreat to Kuwait. The new
went to war in Iraq is about to hold front-line soldiers sleeping daughter, reluctant to leave.
United States Marine Corps in Iraq.
and the United States has been lost?
the last one with the withdrawal of U.S. combat troops in Iraq, which lasted 7 years and 5 months old the end of the war in Iraq was finally ushered in the dawn. Iraq is the United States launched the first “preemptive” war, in addition to “failure” in Iraq, the United States itself has paid 5,000 people killed, 32,000 injured and 7,000 billion dollars in military spending high price, almost into another more war quagmire.
any war would give the parties leave a “legacy.” Now let us take stock of what, for the war seven years ago, the United States, whether it be in this war, what, what have they lost? If the war in Iraq so far there are no winners, then who from “benefits” and profits?
comprehensive Xinhua News Agency, “News of the World”, “China Youth Daily”, Chinese news report
the United States lost … …
Mishap: consumption of huge military strength
2003 年 3 月 20, United States fired the first shot in the war. Although the beginning of the war in military operations against Iraq, only 138 U.S. soldiers were killed, but want to enjoy the fruits of victory after U.S. soldiers have suffered frequent insurgent attacks in Iraq, the number of casualties has been rising. As of August 16, 2010, the total number of American soldiers killed in Iraq has reached 4415 people, and about 3.2 million people injured in the fighting.
along with the protracted war, the U.S. military gone up: maintenance and upgrade weapons, to maintain the army daily expenses, care of disabled veterans … … U.S. Treasury has been continuously eroded. As of August 19, 2010, U.S. spending for the war in Iraq has reached $ 742.3 billion, more than the cost of the Vietnam War and the Korean War, the U.S. economy constitutes a heavy burden. Some scholars have even pointed out that the U.S. financial crisis hit, the “culprit” is the war in Iraq and Afghanistan wars. Data show that from 2001 to 2008, the U.S. military to increase the absolute amount of up to $ 1.2387 trillion, almost equal to the fall of 2008, U.S. $ 700 billion bailout money twice. At the same time, by the war in Iraq, the international crude oil prices soaring. United States, a new round of the illusion of economic prosperity, gave birth to a number of financial bubbles, the Federal Reserve to raise interest rates in response to continuous inflation, leading to surging borrowing costs, induced sub-prime crisis. In Pangda Jun expenses under the weight of the U.S. budget deficit reached alarming levels. February 2008, the United States, “Foreign Policy” magazine for retired and active duty U.S. military officers conducted a poll. Survey, nearly 90 percent of retired and active duty military officers believe that the war in Iraq dragged down by the U.S. military has been greatly reduced, 80% of respondents think the United States at this time unable to mount another large-scale war.
injuries: Opinion separatist rally
up to 7 years of the war in Iraq not only claimed the lives of a large number of U.S. soldiers, hollowing out the U.S. treasury, but also to some extent, torn American society. This controversial war in American public opinion in an unprecedented split.
2001 年 1 月 Bush took office, marking the right-wing conservative forces in American politics to achieve a dominant position. Although the new office of Obama to the Bush administration’s domestic and foreign policy has been substantially revised, but conservative groups are still of great influence.
Meanwhile, the U.S. anti-war voice has always been high, that the U.S. join the global liberal trade a lot of people, the two sides clash in full swing. As the Iraq war and the enormous consumption needs of the economic crisis, Obama rising taxes, but to provoke the United States on the “federal government” role of the dispute. “Tea Party” and “coffee party” has the rise, which to some extent, the political map of the United States torn apart.
In fact, the Iraq war-induced deep split American public opinion might be possible to constitute a real threat to America’s future.
damaged soft power: the country’s image tarnished
as the world’s only superpower, the United States for their own influence in the world once Jinjinle Road. But since the Iraq war, America’s “soft power” is a little weakened. The war in Iraq broke the American in the post-Cold War period and a strong dominance of the pattern — United States can no longer play international police, international order began to re-shuffle, the subsequent financial crisis have accelerated the process.
secret U.S. government once Saddam Hussein develop weapons of mass destruction and supporting terrorism on the grounds, the Iraq war, however, is that the U.S. allegations as false and baseless. Subsequently, the slow reconstruction process of democratization in Iraq, the sustained turmoil in Iraq, millions of people displaced. At the same time, U.S. troops in Iraq but continue to burst, “indiscriminate” and “abuse scandal” and other serious incidents, world public opinion in an uproar. Palestinians and Israelis on the issue in the United States coupled with the long-term to act fairly, almost to the United States as enemy of the Muslim world.
the U.S. alliance system has cracks in the Iraq war. After the Cold War US-European alliance in Iraq test on an unprecedented split, and even Britain has followed the United States have begun to correct position, the United States and Russia and other powers are also the breeding of Iraq because of discord. It also forced the administration to actively repair US-European alliance, and to take the initiative to restart the US-Russian relations gesture, the former Bush administration sought to reverse the mess left behind.
the United States got what
“costly, more harm than good” has become a lot of people are under the review of the Iraq war. However, the Americans in this war is really nothing you? The tactical level, the casualties of U.S. troops in Iraq difficult, said the withdrawal overwhelmed by glory, but on the strategic level, to assert that the United States lost the war in Iraq is still too early.
1. Pulling a thorn in the deterrence of potential enemies
perhaps for the United States, the war in Iraq is to overthrow the biggest gain against the long-term and their Sa Dam power, get rid of their biggest in the Middle East a thorn in the side. China Institute of Contemporary International Relations, Li Wei, director of Security and Strategic Studies that the U.S. ouster of Saddam Hussein by force until it is finally put to death, the world’s countries like the U.S. does not serve as a deterrent. That is, against the United States if it continues and may lead to the same result with Iraq.
2. To establish pro-American regime, given geopolitical dividends
the United States through the war in Iraq to establish a pro-US regime in shaping the Middle East conducive to U.S. geo-strategic situation. Although this regime is not stable now, but after all there, plus the already close ties with the United States and some neighboring countries of Israel, the U.S. strategic position in the Middle East will undoubtedly be further consolidated.
This is to seek and maintain its global hegemony is a crucial step. Cold War U.S. global strategy focuses on “two-ocean strategy”, that the Euro-Atlantic region through NATO’s eastward expansion to achieve U.S. strategic objectives; in the Asia-Pacific region by the “Japan-US Security Treaty,” and the establishment of theater missile defense system to achieve its strategic objectives remain the sole superpower, the United States a strong position. The Middle East as the hub to connect the two oceans, holds an important position, the United States to maintain and strengthen its military presence in the region, the region is placed in a stable controlled by the question of the meaning.
3. Control Iraq’s oil resources
Second, the U.S. occupation of Iraq through the indirect control of Iraq’s rich oil resources. While the U.S. government has not publicly declared that oil is a strategic goal of the U.S. invasion of Iraq, but by the military occupation of Iraq and the new Iraqi government control, the United States actually control Iraq’s “black gold.”
columnist 罗瑟斯格尔 has published an article entitled “As long as oil is still the United States will be stationed in Iraq,” the article said bluntly, the United States launched the Iraq war and the main purpose is to the entire Middle East oil, “for the United States, the oil in 100 years will have a strategic significance, the U.S. will like this (military) 100 years.”
Iraq military warning –
high-tech also put out
front tired American soldiers
the past decade confirms the limitations of high-tech force. Even if the outstanding scientific and technological capabilities with minimum cost to the United States, made in the blink of an eye on the surface of the victory, but it becomes difficult to conquer the insurgency more. In Iraq and Afghanistan, increasing the morale of front-line troops kill U.S. troops, the United States gradually their ability to control Central Asia, the Middle East, the loss of confidence in the ability of these areas.
war in Iraq, more than 44 U.S. soldiers were killed; the battlefield in Afghanistan, the U.S. casualty figures are still rising. United States itself also aware that many high-tech weapons to face the mountains and the urban guerrilla warfare does not work, of course, more economically worthwhile. Therefore, the U.S. Department of Defense announced on February 1 this year, “Quadrennial Defense Review Report,” formally abandoned the old “while winning two wars” strategy requires the U.S. military actively respond to the moment a real threat, specific measures include: Purchasing more unmanned aerial vehicles and helicopters; enhance special forces combat capability, the U.S. military with a rapid reaction capacity to respond to guerrilla warfare.
consecutive years of the war also limited the number of original equipment and ambitious weapons development programs. For example, a new generation of stealth fighter F-22 purchases a significant amount of cut, even hinted that the U.S. Secretary of Defense aircraft carrier will be reduced in favor of the development and wider deployment of the Littoral Combat Ship and other equipment in response to current threats. (Ye Chengyun)
who benefits? Who “benefits”?
U.S. politicians, arms dealers, war profiteers, big hair
Although the war in Iraq, the U.S. government spent a lot of money, but Meanwhile, the notes are also at an unprecedented speed the flow of American companies’ pockets.
British “The Independent” reported that U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney has held senior positions in the U.S. oil giant Halliburton, the contractor called in Iraq’s big winner. It is reported that the company has been in Iraq for the U.S. military and security infrastructure projects, reconstruction of the Iraqi oil industry to provide advice. Beginning in 2004, three years, contracts in Iraq and Afghanistan to bring over $ 16 billion of its revenue, income is the sum of all foreign contractors to nine times.
War stimulated the U.S. military-industrial complex. A study of the Iraq war and the military market, the article shows, the famous Raytheon benefited from the war in Iraq, because the company’s Joint Direct Attack Missile is widely used in the war.
and some of the effects caused by the war in Iraq may even come to the United States expected the opposite. Some Western media to the withdrawal of U.S. troops as “a decent failure”, all the strategic purpose of the United States in the war were finally reached. One theory is that this war to the U.S. so-called “opponents” to bring a ready, delay, respite.
Iraq war will be America’s national power, military power in Iraq dragged on, like a black hole absorption, consumption of U.S. national power and military strength, the United States has no more power to deal with other “rival.” It should be said, is access to the strategic interests of the United States as the biggest “rival” or “hostile forces” of people or groups.
immediate war –
the war in Afghanistan
rebirth of a war machine
8 19 morning, with the last batch of U.S. combat troops set foot on the way out, the world’s attention turned to another battlefield — U.S. military in Afghanistan, U.S. forces are still similar reasons, engaged in a similar way to war. Iraq war in Afghanistan will repeat the mistake it?
answer doomed than the war in Iraq also pessimistic, because Afghanistan is an enhanced version and the version of the spread of Iraq. This pessimistic judgments from two of the three on the battlefield, a clear distinction.
First of all, the war in Iraq destroyed a centralized state, while the war in Afghanistan appears to create a centralized state.
Second, the war in Iraq destroyed a war machine, the war in Afghanistan is reborn a war machine.
last and the worst thing, the war in Iraq is a non-proliferation, the war in Afghanistan and vice versa. Saddam had his coveted territory, but never tried out some kind of ideology. The Taliban is different, then get the right to rule it after the enemy at the world, refused to part ways with al-Qaeda. Even if the Taliban lost the war, it is also to export terrorism and religious extremism, because the Afghan battlefield at any time will give a wider opportunity for its comeback.
withdraw troops from Iraq “diversion”
or air strike on Iran within a year?
United States, “Atlantic Monthly,” September issue cover story of “tough choices” in the title, reported the United States and Israel air strike on Iran within a year the possibility, suggesting that the United States to be launched surgical bombing to destroy Iran’s nuclear facilities.
Some analysts believe that the U.S. military in the Middle East to fight another regional war, the biggest obstacle is Russia, so the recent Sino-Russian military exercises around frequently, intended to pressure.