Russia intends to invest heavily in a strong army to defeat in 2015 over Soviet forces
Data for: Putin visited the Russian Five fighters
He Zude Li Mu
12 13, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin announced a high profile: the next 10 years (2011 ~ 2020), the Russian government will Russian military equipment programs update the $ 2 trillion rubles (about $ 646 billion), to build a new modern army, with emphasis on strategic nuclear forces, air defense systems, communications systems, intelligence systems, fifth-generation fighter and the Navy’s development . By the international financial crisis, the global economy has not bottomed out, slashed military spending in many countries, people have to tighten their belts wujin purse case, Russia announced a strong army in such a large number of whom the world attention.
strong dedication to great power status to revive the military route
powerful Russian army has been the tradition. Whether it is the Russian tsarist Russia into a large barracks, or the national defense of the Soviet Union in the first place all the work, or is trying to revive the great power status strong army of the Russian Federation, are in the show and practice this tradition.
the post-Soviet Russia from a superpower, suddenly fell down on the altar, a time to find self-confidence and feel great powers, in a sense, Russia is still the pain of living in the Soviet Union among the greatest contrast in the military in particular. The gap between the Russian military strength in the face of NATO’s eastward expansion and U.S. strategy, although many show a strong squeeze in, but all ended in silence. American “Newsweek” has pointed out: Although Russia has a lot of “warlike speech”, but only-known, and “hold the hands of only a very small stick.”
power complex is difficult to tolerate the severe Russian military’s weak state, so the restore Russian prestige almost every Russian’s desire. After taking office, Putin is pursuing a strong military line, attempting to revive the “army” to enhance the “prestige.” Russian strategic nuclear submarine in the construction of the first one due to financial difficulties struggling, after Putin know “instructions”: even if the Kremlin sold, we should also “Borei” made out of military spending increased every year since then. According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute Statistics: From 2000 to 2006, the Russian military expenses increased by several times, and many times since 2007, an increase from extra-budgetary funding. Russia also has enacted “a social security framework,” the establishment of the military social security system, to attract talented people to join the army, and thus to strengthen the military to provide personnel protection. The plan is heavily strong army to restore Russia’s great power status is the pace of strategic initiatives.
updated weaponry revive the Military Industrial Complex
build a mobile, efficient, sophisticated modern Russian army is the relentless pursuit of goals. After nearly 20 years of adjustment and reform, the Russian military establishment of structural adjustment on December 1 this year to complete, with the military establishment of the social security system, the military once again become a gathering place for talented people. Combat effectiveness of the two core elements of the staff, the preparation system has been basically in place, while the other core elements – weapons, but far short of needs.
Soviet Union, the Russian military equipment aging seriously, any of Defense Minister Sergei Ivanov said that the Russian military weapons and 80% of the existing obsolete equipment, because of insufficient funds will be advanced weapons from “testing ground” to move “training ground”, the army has become obsolete, almost 20 years behind the times. During the second Chechen war, Russian war units are still using the 1960s and 1970s, radio stations, so that the back side of the station’s signal corps and their officers to become Juchenfeitu to attack targets. War in the Russian grid, although Russia defeated Georgia, a weak enemy, but this short-lived Russian conflict exposed the problem of aging equipment.
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev said: five-day battle that military modernization to be in full swing, facilities also need to upgrade military hardware, weapons and equipment to improve combat effectiveness has restricted the bottleneck. Russia plans to update the 2015 rate of 30% weapons, 70% in 2020, and efforts to build new ICBMs, new super aircraft carriers and nuclear attack submarines, and ultimately to the overall 2015 goal of fighting over the Soviet Union.
Russia has the world’s most extensive system of national defense industry, military, scientific research, once world-renowned. After the disintegration of the Soviet Union, due to a sharp decline in investment, the majority of military enterprises for funding scientific research and experimental design are few, research inefficiency, new weapons from development to production cycle from the past five to 10 years extended to the present 10 to 20 years, more serious brain drain is a serious military research, has led many research projects because of the lack of good scientific research personnel almost interrupted, not only outside the sales contract can not be completed on time, also affected the Russian military’s modernization. In the past 20 years, about 2/3 of the military bankruptcy. Russia is currently in information technology, ship noise reduction and stealth technology and other fields with the United States and other developed countries about 10 years behind, and this gap is widening. Russian military experts said Andre: Russia inherited from the Soviet military system faced an unprecedented huge embarrassment, direct impact on the Russian military’s modernization process.
no Russian military experts believe that the revitalization of the military industrial complex is not modern Russian, although there were many military industry, but mostly because of lack of funds, as long as funds are available, the integrity of its latest weapon in the military system is not only R & D strength is unmatched in many countries, but also export profits funded the army. Based on this, Russia several years ago began to increase investment in core military-industrial complex and military procurement amount each year by the extra profits from the military to extract funding the military, the Military Industrial Complex to feed the army building has been noticed. Therefore, the large amount of money the Russian government hopes to strengthen the military plan to achieve military modernization is to achieve modernization of the defense industry to promote the dual purpose.
recent years, with the gradual move toward formal Russian economic development, coupled with soaring international oil prices in the past 10 years, Russia’s sustained economic growth. Russian policy director of the Center Chandorkar gold that the year 2017 Russia’s economy is expected to enter the world top five. The growth of Russia’s economic strength, a strong army to become a high-profile large amount of money possible.
strong Russian military influence heavily unusual
in the past 10 years, increased investment in Russia several times, modifying weapons update program, this dial large sums of money is a continuation of the last strong military program, but also update their plans once again to modify the embodiment of weapons. If these funds can be set in place and implement new programs, then its influence will appear in many ways.
First, the Russian military strength will be increased dramatically. According to the plan in the next 10 years, its strategic nuclear forces, air defense systems, communications systems, intelligence systems, fifth-generation fighter and the Navy will be the development of quality improvement. According to the plan, huge funds in the 1/4 for the building of the Navy, the Navy will be an additional 8 “Borey” class strategic nuclear submarines equipped with the latest style “Bulava” missile; add two fleets, six aircraft carriers and dozens of destroyers and frigates, the Russian Navy will be cruising in the world, supporting Russia’s great power status. While the fifth-generation fighter, the new strategic bombers, long-range nuclear missiles and intercontinental missiles and a number of iconic Russian troops will be equipped with sophisticated weapons, the Russian long-range combat capability and deterrence capacity has increased significantly.
Second, the initiative of Russian participation in international affairs will become increasingly strong. Russian media generally agreed that the political arena in the 21st century, Russia should not only play a supporting role. As a traditional military power, Russia has been very prominent great power mentality, although not completely restored Soviet-era influence, but strive for dialogue with the favorable position of the United States is still the same demand. Historically, Russia’s participation in international affairs with the military strength of the initiative is changing and change. Russia’s military strength in international affairs will make more from the background into the foreground, from passive to active.
Third, treatment will be more tough on NATO’s eastward expansion. If the past Russia in NATO’s eastward expansion due to power constraints on the usual “spoken word”, then the future such as NATO enlargement, Russia and Central Asian countries, penetration of the core interests and the maintenance of a range of issues, with the Russian military strength increased significantly, Russia will be more to choose “body language.”
fourth, arms sales will increase in intensity. According to the plan, Russian weapons in the next 10 years will reach 70 percent renewal rate, which would eliminate a lot of old equipment, Russia is bound to increase arms exports, to become “waste” to treasure. Russia to spend huge sums of money while developing new weapons to be exported to earn a pass on cost of scientific research. 21 this month, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev’s visit to India and signed a $ 30 billion worth of arms contracts, R & D cooperation between Russia and India the fifth-generation fighter, and will provide India with the fifth-generation fighter, this is only their sales efforts increase is an important start. It also means that Russia and Western countries in the arms market competition will become fiercer.
despite Russia’s determination to revive the army has been highlighted, but it is worth noting that Russia’s strong military program run out of steam past the phenomenon often occurs, the face of such huge military spending and ambitious facelift plan The ultimate goal can be achieved needs further observation.