Experts on the CPC front cover: disciplined win over the people
data for : TV “hidden”
“know the enemy is known to have, know yourself” is the “Art of War,” describes the basic principles of war. Rupture of the KMT from 1927 until 1949 victory in the liberation war in mainland China, the Chinese Communists in the fight for political power struggle with the KMT, in addition to the contest in the open battlefield, still concealed front for a fierce battle.
to resist rogue, Zhou Enlai put forward the “three major tasks one must not”
Communist Party of China from 1921 onwards, due to the reactionary warlords repression does not legal conditions for the activities, long active in the underground, but in the years 1924-1927, within the jurisdiction of the KMT authorities have legal status.
1925 August advocated alliance with the KMT Left leaders were right Liao Zhongkai assassination, confessed assassin Shun, next step is to assassinate the Communist Party, Zhou Enlai, Chen Guangdong and Guangxi District this sickness leadership felt the need to reconnaissance organization established to defend.
At that time, Zhou Enlai arranged in the Whampoa Military Academy serving Chen Geng, who have some armed security forces, and began to establish some inside the KMT, the CCP began the first of this intelligence surveillance work, but the organization is not perfect.
1927, Chiang launched the “Four 12″ coup, even though it was inside the CPC Central Committee prior anecdotal reports, but because of the lack of its core decision-making intelligence, ad hoc and lack of resolve, resulting in Shanghai, Guangzhou to the party have suffered a sudden attack, the backbone of a large number of cadres and the masses who were killed for failing to transfer.
1927 May, Zhou Enlai, from Shanghai to escape the reach of the CPC Central Committee was located in Wuhan, the lessons learned before, the defense established a central security “secret shares” (later known as “Hedo”), in established throughout the inside, and organized a capable armed guards and secret transportation network. In this sense, the CPC’s intelligence agencies to establish a full-time back to earlier than the KMT.
1927 November, Zhou Hui Hu from Guangdong, the reorganization of the central Hedo. At this point, Hedo some members of people with rogue rivers and lakes, such as Gu Shunzhang so keen on Causing loss of lives. Zhou these negative tendencies, personally Hedo states that the “three tasks a not allowed” – “three task” is to carry out intelligence to punish traitors and perform a variety of special tasks, “one must not” is not allowed in the party of mutual surveillance . Zhou Enlai’s “one must not” principle, the protection of the CPC was a normal party life is extremely important.
hidden front in the struggle against Communist China, the assassination has never been allowed to engage in a kind of terrorist attacks. Although the elimination of the CPC Central Committee had a small amount of Hedo traitor, but only limited to selling secrets to the enemy, and would immediately lead to tissue destruction in a special case. Central Hedo earliest work carried out by eliminating traitors, mainly in April 1928 the Politburo Standing Committee, the organization in Shanghai, Director of the Bureau Luo Yinong murder case was arrested due to a traitor betrayed.
Hedo quickly identify insider relationship, which is due to serve as secretary and reception of the central He Jiaxing, He Zhihua couple told the secret. Reception of the machines they use, to steal hundreds of leaders of the address down, and then to the Concession police station said, willing to $ 50,000 and passports in exchange for the sale of this list, and Luo Yinong the first to say the address, to be truly verified after capture , do the next deal.
head of the CPC Central Committee heard about this after hearing an emergency move, the red team Youyi firecrackers as a cover, which burst into the home of a traitor, shot and killed He Jiaxing, He Zhihua was shot in the head but also the negative seriously injured, continue to cut off the mutiny of the clues.
1929 年 8 24, the CPC Central Committee Politburo member Peng Pai, head of the Central Military Commission Yang Yin five meetings in Shanghai and Shanghai, was arrested on the Western Zhou Enlai and spared not reached due to temporary problems. In just six days, Peng Pai, four people have located in Longhua of the Battle of Shanghai Garrison Command was killed.
central Hedo identified through the inside, the informant who is Secretary of the Central Military Commission Baixin. The people in the head when the Red Army Hailufeng, they fear death abandonment went to Shanghai for the pursuit of great wealth and turned himself in secret, as a traitor.
instructions according to Zhou Enlai, the same year the night of November 11, Hedo Avenue Joffre in the French Concession (now Huaihai Road) had laid an ambush, fired more than 90 guns, and secret bodyguards were killed Baixin 5. “The gunfire on Avenue Joffre,” a sensation in Shanghai, the traitor spy one o’clock lose heart, the central security in Shanghai has also been a degree of protection.
red team on the beach with Wal-Mart, Zhou Enlai and a special emphasis on: a traitor to the party only to eliminate hazards and hidden spy traitor, a prominent figure of the reactionary ruling class, including the public do not want to make spy chief , otherwise it will deviate from the correct direction of political struggle, and from the masses.
once, Hedo Gu Shunzhang head detective that there are twenty and thirty and “nosy” in Yipinxiang hotel party, intended to be delivered to a few suitcases of explosives detonated. Zhou Enlai that, immediately after the stop that blasted ruins of the hotel and this will hurt the innocent, will result in a very bad impact on society.
the next revolutionary struggle, the Communists against enemy military targets in addition to, and never take the assassination of prominent figures of the reactionary camp, thus preventing terrorist tendencies, and with the KMT agents that “Xiasan Lan” means to draw clear a line, and this is one of the reasons for the success of the people.
front cover that year struggle, Communist underground organization not only against its own members to prevent corruption of luxury as an important part, but because of financial constraints and to avoid exposure, generally do not allow members through luxury living . As the Western intelligence community said, “like a spy who is the best spy.”
However, Zhou Gu Shunzhang has ignored the warning, stained rogue. He participated in early labor movement, the courage to assault, and served as captain of the Shanghai workers’ pickets. He served as head of Teke, the excuse of work special events often take more than half of the central funding, and costs without supervision, but also prostitution, drug abuse. This moral degradation out of tune with the party’s principles and requirements, Gu Shunzhang be disgruntled, planning collaborators.
1931 In April, he was arrested in Wuhan, immediately after the mutiny, and offer to sell all of the CPC Central Committee organ address. Thanks to sneak into enemy spy agencies within the Qianzhuang translated the calls in Wuhan, LI advance by the police in Shanghai before the CPC Central Committee and dozens of agencies, hundreds of people the night shift, eliminating the capsize of the disaster.
underground party and can not engage in armed struggle
KMT contest between the front cover of the first stage is the decade 1927-1937 civil war. The overall situation of the struggle at this stage, the development of the Communist Party in the secret underground power, the KMT regime is the use of force, effort to hunt down extermination.
1928-1930 in the first half, white area of ??the underground Communist Party according to Zhou Enlai proposed the development of the hidden power of the principle of party members has grown to 19 million people, the labor movement in secret, and intelligence work in the student movement , have made no small achievement.
Unfortunately, the guidelines followed by the occurrence of the “leftist” mistakes, focus their work on practical aspects of armed insurrection, the results of exposure and the loss of most organizations, to 1936, white area underground The number dropped to only 3,000 party members into the left and right.
1928-1931 years, Zhou Enlai, the Chinese Communists concealed front of the total charge. He struggles in Shanghai, practice, worked out an effective set of secret methods to emphasize the organization to be hidden, lean, small and dense, one-way communication, as much as possible in the activities of professional, social, open identity as a cover. “Illegal use of legal cover, unique combination of legal and illegal,” “secret work and absolutely separate disclosure” principles put forward at this time, working for the Communist front cover laid the right way of thinking.
Hedo taken directly at the enemy’s vital, “breaking in” and “pull out” of the work, not only in Shanghai, the KMT secret correspondent Yang Dengying pull out for their own services, while being sent known as the “Longtan heroes” of Qianzhuang, LI, all end into the KMT Central Investigation Bureau.
into the Sino-Japanese War, Mao Zedong led by summing up the experience of the CPC Central Committee, made for the underground struggle “hidden lean, long ambush, saving power, waiting for an opportunity” approach. At that time, although the two parties in the war against Japan in the formation of strategic partnership, but the Kuomintang authorities still do not recognize the Communist organization in the Kuomintang-controlled areas there is a legitimate activity status (except that only the individual negotiator), and the “anti-enemy (meaning Japan), anti- rape (referring to the Communist Party) “as a basic guiding principle of the secret struggle.
here, the Kuomintang KMT, the Commission conducted a secret war against Japan, while the Communist underground organization as a secondary target.
this period, the CPC Central Committee in Yanan established Social Affairs, and the party’s underground staff had specialized training and education they have mastered the principles and policies to combat the enemy secret work discipline, and conduct a secret technical training to enable the party in front of the hidden struggle level is greatly improved.
Zhou Enlai, the characteristics of work according to the National Unification, summed up the development of a decade of civil war, when he proposed the principle of professional party members, but also creatively proposed the “three” (professional, social, legalization) policy, as Party in the Kuomintang-controlled areas to carry out the basic principles of underground work, has become the Japanese occupation of the occupied areas of the secret work pointer.
Chinese Communist Party in Shanghai and other Japanese occupied zone of secret work, mainly through the establishment of underground organization to mobilize the masses to help the New Fourth Army military struggle. Southern Work Committee (“South Committee”, responsible for the Guangdong, Guangxi, Jiangxi, Fujian, Zhejiang underground work) because of the establishment of an armed stronghold exposed secret organization in the search for Nationalist agents, the most losses.
later, summed up the lessons, said Zhou, “The fundamental reason is a secret organization with the armed struggle and use the same time, both the working line, many errors occurred.” “In the rear of the party, only long-term efforts to implement the central ambush , the power savings, waiting for the time line, can not take the line of armed struggle. “underground party and can not engage in armed struggle, which became a principle central government.
we do not have money, and sex to obtain information
the liberation war, Communist-ruled areas in the country’s underground work in the Zhou Enlai, who, under the guidance of the right to obtain excellent achievement, the struggle can be said that the development of the front cover of the highest points. At that time, the party’s hidden in the Kuomintang-controlled areas, primarily to combat the formation of the PLA with the “second front” to expand the Communist Party liberated the impact, and undermines the stability of the rear of the KMT authorities, seriously affecting their war plans.
1946 年 KMT finally broke down, the underground Communist Party-ruled areas in the country in all areas, including the united front, the enemy workers, labor movement, student movement and intelligence surveillance and other aspects of the struggle. At this point the core of the work of policy strategies, but also the party’s illegal secret activities and organize the masses of the legitimate struggle together.
example, an underground student movement and intellectuals to the public, legal protests to lead to further development of the public and the workers’ movement, and then extended to the requisitions of anti-conscription movement in rural areas, so that the Kuomintang authorities in front of the civil war when the “backyard on fire,” into the flank of embarrassed by the situation.
in the Kuomintang army, government, the people everywhere to provide information for the CPC or other help, special agent for the detection of most people can not, after Mao Zedong praised, said: “The intelligence in the War of Liberation the most successful. “
the liberation war of the Chinese intelligence, primarily responsible for three major tasks: to acquire military intelligence, luring the enemy to take over the city. When the final to win big cities in the People’s Liberation Army, the underground party took on the enemy defense to provide information and coordinate tasks for hearts and minds. CPC requirements, carry out their task is not an armed uprising, but to organize care plants, nursing school counter-sabotage, to ensure the arrival of the PLA, the complete receiver. Successful completion of these tasks to ensure the final victory of China’s revolutionary war and the complete take over the city.
popular who in the world, popular the same easy-to-get information. Kuomintang on the mainland, whether overt or covert fronts play a big defeat, the reason is that “people who lost lost world.” Chiang Kai-shek privately admitted in his diary this point. Now open for the preservation of Stanford University in the United States, “Chiang diaries” in there clearly documented.
as February 3, 1949 Chiang Kai-shek to step down after his hometown in Zhejiang Fenghua reflection, it is “pain in power for 20 years, conservative party and government institutions, corruption, only on an official, pay no attention to the implementation of Three People’s Principles”, “For the community and the public welfare without let-start.” People in China, a country life in squalor, the highest power in 20 years “for the community and the public welfare without let-start”, how can we not be angry people to overthrow it?
made the country after the victory, LI Chinese intelligence official in 1950 to devote half a year, summed up the party organization of intelligence work experience, emphasizing the party’s absolute leadership and political basis of two main principles. Soviet intelligence experts to describe their experiences when he said, with money and sex in order to obtain valuable intelligence, LI which angrily retorted: “We did not have such a dry and will not so dry! We mainly rely on cross- friends, political and ideological work to do, sometimes with some money, but only an auxiliary means. “
review year fight against the Communist victory in front cover and the KMT failed in the field of historical experience, it can be seen, the decision The key to victory lies with the justice for the people. 2,500 years ago wrote “The Art of War” will be concluded on the use of spies, said: “can not be used between non-Sheng Zhi”, “non-virtue and can not make room.” Communist Party “with room” of success, it is a “Sheng Zhi” and “benevolence” in an absolute advantage. The contest is also a secret front people contest, the outcome of Communist parties covert war battle, the basic factors are also here. (“Global Vision” section 350, taken from February 1, 2011, “China National Defense News”)