Jin Yinan, said the PLA to perform the task will increase the expenses of overseas
CPPCC National Committee members, well-known expert on national security strategy Jin Yinan
中广网 Beijing on March 4 news (reporter Chen Xin Peng Hongxia) Li 4 am to the media, national defense in 2011 fee budget of about 601.1 billion yuan, an increase of 12.7%. Defense budget and expenditure budget of the national total of 6%. This topic, in an exclusive interview with wide military correspondent member of the CPPCC National Committee, the famous expert on national security strategy Jin Yinan a detailed interpretation.
standards of China’s military spending per capita in developed countries still a big gap
Reporters: Fourth Session of the morning of the Eleventh National People’s Congress press conference, Li revealed that this year is 601.1 billion yuan, an increase of 12.7% over last year, how do you think this year more than 6011 billion and 12.7% of this figure?
Jin Yinan: I think this increase in military spending, with the construction of our national defense modernization, or compatible. Defense costs are a lot of people look into, mainly to see the equipment and weapons and ammunition, I think defense first and foremost the problem of people in today’s tide of market economy, how to stabilize the military people, military officers and soldiers how to appropriate treatment, I think this is a big problem. Not long ago, we could see the Internet have been reported up wages, the lower the rank, the higher rise, high rise too low, we increase the military pay, is based on the achieve such a balance.
Also, I think the increase in military spending this year, CPI, the inflation index is that we have to match, if military spending increased by 12.7%, index of prices accounted for 3% -4% if, in fact, to offset future would not so much. Now the CPI index continued to rise, this is an obvious fact, which offset the military is a great role.
course, this year with the environment is not the same as last year, last year’s financial crisis is very serious, from the world’s point of view, from the West to the United States is basically out of this environment, although the Chinese recovered faster, But I think our defense spending growth to date is still not out of compensatory growth, recovery of growth. The mid-1980s, Deng Xiaoping was speaking, the military should be patient, mainly concentrated on economic development. We are now the economy has achieved some results, but the defense was very large gap with the world advanced level in three decades of the gap. How do we bridge the gap? This requires the military to restore growth.
international investment in national defense, the research community there is such a general rule, is a country’s armed forces, each military officers and men an average of less than $ 5,000 if, the country’s armed forces is not possible to enhance the combat effectiveness through improved equipment can only be maintained in nature. $ 5,000 or more to improve the limited equipment, by improving the equipment to enhance combat effectiveness. In today’s information under the influence of the process, to enhance the combat effectiveness of any army, equipment improvements, especially a lot of equipment, information equipment, which is inevitable, or else to improve the combat effectiveness of improved equipment, it is empty talk.
we crossed the $ 5,000 military real bottleneck is the low standards we crossed in about 2000 was the bottleneck. From 2000 to the present, we reached more than $ 5,000 per capita. From 2000 to the present for many years, also for ten years. A modern army, it increased from investment in equipment development, product type, and finally to the formation of combat troops, it’s the shortest cycle in eight years, up to fifteen years, or even two decades, Jian Shi aircraft from equipped with the developed to the last 18 years. So not to say that investment in national defense, and immediately equipped it out. U.S., Japan Self-Defense Forces, the Russian military spending per capita they are a fairly sustained period in order to complete the overall military modernization construction. From a comparative point of view, our standard per capita military spending gap with the developed countries is still very large. We can see from today, every year, there were many challenges to bring the growth of China’s defense thing.
or double-digit increase in China’s defense expenditure is limited incremental
Reporter: This morning’s press conference raised the issue of foreign media correspondents after spokesman Li Zhaoxing will carefully smile. How do you view the foreign media including the international community on China’s defense expenditure sensitivities?
Jin Yinan: I think this sensitivity is normal, and slowly the international community will think that is normal, that is, make the Chinese military before entering the recovery period, and its recovery period but also compensation ten years, ten years to build a fully modern military, from the viewpoint of today, no world, in this case. If anyone on China’s military growth surprise, at least, he could build a modern army has been the lack of common sense issues. Really strong military have to rich countries, which is rich in the process of strengthening the military to complete the steps, only the beginning, we have long way to go.
Reporter: We also observed that a few years ago has been speculation in the foreign media, the proportion of China’s defense expenditure has been double-digit growth last year, the financial crisis, we adjust for this increase 7.5% this year As our country’s economy gradually improved, and our defense also returned to 12.7%. That China will not increase for the military, while blindly ignoring the national economy this background, in fact, the growth of our troops, but also the growth of overall national strength and synchronization compatible, do you think is not it?
Jin Yinan: Of course, I think this is a very important reason. Our military spending in the end there is a number, double digits, and we stared at this problem, I think a number of double-digit, depending on base plate, base plate is very small, already very low military spending, that The following are five thousand U.S. dollars per capita, this time on the fast growth, said double-digit volume is very limited. We double-digit growth, the United States, a number plate but it is always great. Military spending with economic growth, we remain in double digits for some time now a number of 9%. 2011 to 2012 may be adjusted to 7% economic growth we are adjusting, it transferred one by the two-digit number, and a number of high-level to mid-level, low-level adjustments, which we have economic growth more slowly it? No, because the base plate is growing, so it is an even number of increments is considerable. We even double-digit defense spending, incremental is also limited.
to maintain China’s economic development mission to the military mission greatly increased
Reporters: We are concerned there are naval escort this year, including our evacuation of the stranded Chinese foreign citizens, these forces are involved, it is also our defense perform more diverse tasks, but also a pressure on defense spending, right?
Jin Yinan: This pressure is especially seen in our national defense policy, we do not have overseas bases, not the pursuit of overseas bases, so as remote delivery, our price is much greater than Americans . Such as ocean escort, we have associated with ships. In 2006 I participated in the Sino-US joint military exercises, we have 113 ships, composed of 881 mixed-ship fleet of 881 ship-borne supplies of diesel and other lubricants, as well as the supply of food, is a large floating offshore oil storage and supply base, because We do not have overseas bases, so with style remote supply, the cost of supplies with great style. Although the U.S. aircraft carrier battle groups are also associated with ship set sail, but few, it is mainly the use of overseas bases. So as we evacuees from Libya, the Air Force has deployed IL-76, across several countries, fuel supply, fuel is to increase transit money, all military aircraft by military pay.
today, from the broader safeguard China’s interests, including personnel from Libya, Somalia escort, including our “Xuzhou” ship to the Mediterranean, is to defend the evacuees vessels, which are required in the defense spending investment. Of course, these costs are worth it, spend it protects Chinese citizens’ legitimate rights and interests abroad, which are part of our defense spending should be. This is a new part, did not, we can foresee in the future this will become more and more part of the expenditure.
Reporter: In the past the Chinese army for peacetime, what kind of functions to play in the end, people have doubts, through several years of relief, including overseas escort, Libya evacuate Chinese citizens, what the Chinese armed forces can play role in the minds of the masses suddenly clear up. You think this is not our function to expand the army directly after the results?
Jin Yinan: Of course, this is a direct expansion of the military functions of the reasons for military involvement in a large number of non-war actions, the military capabilities to enhance the image of the improvements are a great role. However, non-combat operations is the performance of an external nature, the ultimate role of the military in defending national interests and safeguard peace, we are not afraid of war operations, the ability of the army or to win the most fundamental. Although non-combat operations to improve image, enhance the capacity to play a significant role, but we can not make the other side we have a misunderstanding, as if the military is doing that. The ultimate nature of military force to protect national security through the formation of a deterrent. Deterrence is not a war strategy, the strategy is to maintain peace is to stop the opponent’s strategy in the adventure before the military must create a deterrent capability.
Reporters: how do you think our troops overseas to maintain our rights, including the safety of our citizens, how do you think the military involved in practical significance of this work?
Jin Yinan: the military to protect the national interests of the expansion of national interests is a dynamic constantly changing. We are now so many overseas investments, including engineers, aid projects, how do we make them in a safe environment? Military means to maintain only the smallest part of the largest part of our diplomatic channels or through bilateral cooperation, the completion of the maintenance of our interests overseas, the military means it is a card. New era of great changes in China’s economic structure, our overseas resources, capital, technology, personnel rely more and more, Marx’s saying all the problems on the economy, today’s national defense mission, military mission depends on China’s economic development . Changing needs of national interests, functions and missions of the military expansion of the emergence of a demand.
unbiased look at the defense we use to adjust
Reporter: We are concerned about the increase in defense spending, concerns new aircraft, there are some high-tech weapons successful development, but the shape is not a threat to military forces in the end, in addition to its capability, but also his intention, the intention of the Chinese military or peacekeeping should be, right?
Jin Yinan: Yes, a lot of Western people have analyzed the strategy, China’s strategic thinking since ancient times as a sign that the Great Wall, Great Wall is the defense. Such a defense thinking, the Chinese since ancient times like this. If we have to reflect it is passive, when our interests are threatened in Somalia, we have to go out of formation, we have great change, this is a passive reflection. This is a reflection of the active with the United States is not the same, such as its aircraft carrier forces worldwide cruising, which is proactive. We are passive reflection, so this difference is still significant.
Reporter: On China’s military spending, then you concluded what we should have what kind of attitude?
Jin Yinan: the development of any country, the army’s development is the need for a sense of balance, people talk us anyway, how people say how speculation, there should be stars of our own sense of balance .