Experts said the military must pay attention to diversifying the use of armed forces in peacetime
military exchanges and military participation in international peacekeeping. Andy warehouse synthesis 3 31, the State Council Information Office of the White Paper on National Defense at the conference, Chinese and foreign correspondents rushed to the participants of the military departments responsible questions. The reporter Luo Zheng photo
Beijing, March 31 – Today, the Chinese government issued “China’s National Defense in 2010″ white paper. This is from 1998, China’s defense white paper released 7th. Compared with the previous six, the new defense white paper to increase the number of content to help readers better understand, the war correspondent of the Academy of Military Science Theory and Strategic Studies, a research fellow Chen Zhou had an exclusive interview.
◆ first articulated the establishment of cross-strait military trust
◆ the first comprehensive introduction to build joint operational system
Reporter: What are the new white paper highlights?
Chen Zhou: the first decade of the 21st century just past. Development of the world this decade, generally speaking, is the interaction of openness and cooperation, crisis and change in parallel. Shared opportunities and address challenges, has become a widespread international consensus. This decade is also China’s comprehensive national strength, international status and influence of the rapid rise in decades, national defense and military modernization is the rapid development of the decade, China’s interests, development and security of the increasingly close ties with the world’s ten years.
new defense white paper highlights the following three points: First, to adapt to new changes in world economic and political situation, to further clarify and declare China pursues a defensive national defense policy is based and determination; the second is from the full implementation of the new military history mission level, the system introduces the use of armed forces of the new construction and development; third is focused to create a favorable security environment of peace and development, full of armed forces in the establishment of mutual trust and maintain the important role of peace.
new defense white paper from structure to content, there are many new changes and new highlights. In the structure, separate or increase the “People’s Liberation Army modernization,” “the use of armed forces,” “military law” and “the establishment of military mutual trust” chapters. In the content, highlighting the new changes in the security situation, defense policy of the new summary, new developments in the field of national defense and security cooperation of the new features. Among them, some for the first time described and introduced, such as the development process of military modernization, building joint combat system, Gulf of Aden and Somali coast to escort the establishment of military mutual trust, the basic principles and specific practices. The white paper also describes the establishment of the first cross-strait military and security mutual trust mechanism. Reunification is the history of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation to the inevitable. The two sides can not unified at the national under the special circumstances of the political relations between the pragmatic. A timely contacts and exchanges on military issues, security of the establishment of military mutual trust mechanism, to facilitate the joint further stabilize the situation in the Taiwan Strait, the measures to reduce military security concerns.
◆ international situation is undergoing profound and complicated changes
◆ China continues at an important period of strategic opportunity
Reporter: The new defense white paper is how to determine the international security situation and China’s security environment?
Chen Zhou: Through a deep analysis of the new development of economic globalization, the international balance of power in the new situation, new trends in the reform of the international system and international relations of the new adjustment, new white paper to keep the whole world come to peace and stability The basic trend of scientific judgments. Meanwhile, around the international order, overall national strength, geopolitical conflicts and other international strategic competition and increasingly fierce global challenges to national security threats, increased significantly. Growing international military competition, the most prominent in outer space for some large countries, networks and polar strategy, the development of rapid global strikes to accelerate the missile defense system, and enhance the network capability, the new strategy to seize the high ground. All this shows that the new international situation is undergoing profound and complex changes, the change in speed, scope, degree of depth never before.
the face of the complicated security situation, the new White Paper stressed that China is still in the development of important strategic opportunities, overall security environment remains favorable, but all kinds of separatists serious harm to national security, safeguard territorial sovereignty and maritime rights and interests pressure, increase in non-traditional security issues from external concerns, interference and to contain increasing security challenges will be more diverse and complex. Under the new situation of national security strategy planning, to co-ordinate domestic and international situations, based on upholding comprehensive security, cooperative security, common security concept, to pursue mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality and cooperation, a new security concept and strive to create peace and stability , equality and mutual trust, win-win cooperation of the international security environment.
◆ national defense policy defensive in nature will never change
◆ growth rate of defense spending has declined
Reporter: rapid economic development, enhance national defense strength and national implementation of “going out” strategy in the case, China’s defense policy is changed?
Chen Zhou: Since the founding of new China, no matter the situation, the environment and the strength to change, we unswervingly pursues a defensive national defense policy, resolutely safeguard national security and world peace and oppose aggression and expansion in any form . This fundamental characteristic of national defense policy throughout the nation has adopted the new Chinese Constitution and relevant laws. We must also realize that in the new historical conditions, objectives and tasks of national defense has indeed undergone some changes. From the point of view, the new situation and tasks from the traditional concept of security requires us to broaden the concept of strategic non-traditional security field. From the target point of view, the fundamental goal of national defense have not changed, but the specific goal of strategic actions to add new content, which is to contain the war from winning the war, from the fight for peace to the maintenance of peace. From the task point of view, national defense is necessary to protect national territory, territorial waters, airspace security, but also to maintain the space, electromagnetic and cyberspace security, maintaining social stability and overall development of the country an important strategic opportunity. From the point of view means to enhance the armed forces to win local wars under conditions of information technology as the core of the ability to accomplish diverse military tasks, flexible style of use of military struggle to achieve its overall national security. Is the focus of national defense policy and the development of new features, the new White Paper will be the new era of China’s national defense objectives and tasks summarized as: safeguarding national sovereignty, security and development interests; maintaining social harmony and stability; national defense and military modernization; safeguarding world peace and stability .
defensive nature of China’s defense policy has not changed. Discussed in the 1998 White Paper on the basis of a new white paper from the path of peaceful development, modernization of the fundamental task of an independent foreign policy of peace and harmony and to historical and cultural traditions, etc., expounded China pursues a defensive national defense policy fundamental basis and historical inevitability. How to understand China’s defense policy should be a “defensive”? White Paper by the relevant previous discussion, we can conclude the following characteristics: First, self-defense. National defense policy is based on resist aggression, defend the motherland, safeguard the people’s peaceful labor, modernization of national defense and national security needs of the development strictly in self-defense in the military; second after the onset. Adhere to strategic striking, people do not make me, I do not prisoners, careful use of force, not taking the initiative to attack, always adhere to the policy of no first use of nuclear weapons; third is peaceful nature. Adhere to safeguarding world peace and stability as a national defense policy goals, based on winning the war on the basis of focus may be to contain the crisis and war, to create a favorable external environment, will never seek hegemony, not to engage in arms race; fourth is positive. National defense policy defensive performance on the offensive and defensive military strategy of active defense combined, the strategic defensive and offensive campaigns and battles on the strategic defensive and strategic counter-offensive and offensive unity.
order to improve force protection conditions and accomplish diverse military tasks and to promote military reform with Chinese characteristics, China has maintained a continued growth in defense spending. New defense white paper describes the overall size of the last two years and the parts, analysis of the 2010 defense spending growth decline. As the international financial crisis, the profound impact not been completely eliminated, the state financial expenditure on key livelihood security, increase our defense expenditure in 2009 from 18.5% to 7.5% in 2010. This fully shows that China’s defense expenditure growth is compatible with the needs of national defense and national economic and social development in harmony moderate and reasonable growth in full compliance with a defensive national defense policy of the basic principles.
◆ continue to accelerate information technology main battle weaponry and equipment
◆ actively involved in various types of non-war military operations
Reporter: In recent years China’s military modernization which has made major progress?
Chen Zhou: In the “People’s Liberation Army modernization,” the new section, the paper reviews the 60 years of military modernization, the development process of thinking, the system introduced nearly two years of arms-building, information technology and building a system of joint operations, and military training, political work, logistics, construction, weapons development and other aspects of the new situation and new trends. Such as the Army combat forces to strengthen the construction of new, optimized force compiled structure, enhance the long-range mobility and comprehensive assault capability; Navy integrated combat forces to focus on improving the level of modernization, enhance strategic deterrence and retaliatory capability, development cooperation and ocean addressing non-traditional security threats; Air Force strengthening of the air attack, air and missile defense, strategic delivery forces focused on combat system, there are plans to promote the transformation of modern construction; the Second Artillery to enhance rapid response, effective penetration, precision strike, damage and survival comprehensive protection, enhance the strategic deterrence and defense capabilities. PLA-based information system to improve the combat capability of the system to prepare for military struggle as the fundamental focus, active use of information systems to the combat system, integrating elements of the overall integration of combat capability, and gradually carrying out military training under conditions of information, information technology continue to accelerate main battle weaponry and equipment, reconnaissance, command and control and battlefield information system has made great progress, capable, joint, and more able, efficient fighting force system is to speed up construction.
new white paper, “the military legal system,” a chapter from the military legal system building, implementation of laws and regulations, military justice, legal services and legal education, etc., according to the law and implementing a comprehensive overview of our military forces, from strict discipline policy, the building and work to legalize the significant progress made.
Reporters: white paper data show that the Chinese military in recent years more and more involved in disaster relief, escort, joint training and joint exercises and other non-war military operations, you have to see how?
Chen Zhou: We are the army of the nature and purpose of national interests and security threats change, China’s international status and influence of the rise, determined that we must safeguard national security and development interests, to protect people interest on above all else, we must attach great importance to the diversification of the use of armed forces in times of peace.
in the new historical conditions, the military often counter-terrorism, stability maintenance, emergency assistance, international peacekeeping, maritime escort, security guard and other tasks, non-war military operations is increasingly becoming an important way to use military force. Speak idea that the past days, military force in 1:00, and now may be daily use of troops, ready to use military force in the situation. New white paper to fulfill the historical mission of the new century, the main line of the army, the system introduced in the consolidation of China’s armed forces border coastal air defense, nation building and disaster relief, maintaining social stability, international peacekeeping, the Gulf of Aden off the Somali coast to escort, and foreign joint exercise joint training, and other aspects of international disaster relief played an important role. China’s armed forces not only to safeguard national sovereignty and maritime rights and interests, but also to participate in accordance with the law to maintain social order and action, to participate in handling various types of public emergencies, participate in national construction and disaster relief.
the past two years, a total of deployed troops and armed police troops 1.845 million people, militia and reserve forces 6.43 million people, has participated in rescue and relief operations. As a responsible country, China to safeguard world peace and promoting common development as an important mission – as of December 2010, the PLA have sent peacekeepers 17,390 people; 7 batches of 18 ships and ships to go to the Gulf of Aden, off the Somali coast to escort mission execution , and 44 foreign troops conducted joint training and joint exercises; since 2002, the PLA has 28 times the implementation of international emergency humanitarian assistance mission.
◆ stressed that mutual trust is an effective way to maintain peace
◆ clear the basic principles of mutual establishment of military mutual trust
Reporter: The new White Paper for the first time the “establishment of military mutual trust,” a single set Chengzhang, the concept of China’s military mutual trust with the West, what is the difference?
Chen Zhou: The new White Paper on the “establishment of military mutual trust” is set to a chapter, the following three meanings: First, the establishment of military mutual trust, enhance strategic position. Than in the past the trust as an element of security cooperation, the new White Paper also stressed the development of mutual trust is to safeguard national security and regional peace and stability in an effective way. The second is the establishment of military mutual trust, described the basic principles. The establishment of equality, mutual benefit, effective military mutual trust, political trust is the basis for common security, equal consultation, respect for each other’s core interests and major security concerns, is not directed against third countries, threaten and undermine any country’s security and stability is an important principle. Third, the establishment of military mutual trust and enrich the main content. From China has with India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Bhutan and other countries to establish military trust in border areas signed agreements with 22 countries to establish dialogue on defense and security consultation mechanism, from the United States to establish a consultation mechanism on military maritime safety, North Bay-Vietnam Agreement on Joint Patrols Navy to actively participate in the Asia-Pacific regional security dialogue and security mechanisms, from the same countries to deepen exchanges and pragmatic cooperation in the military to expand all-round foreign military relations, panoramic introduction to the new White Paper on China to promote the establishment of military mutual trust the great efforts being made.
should be noted that some Western people say the military is transparent to the premise of the establishment of military mutual trust, which is misleading. Increase transparency and mutual trust can be a means, but it is also the premise of mutual trust. Did not trust the transparency of little practical significance, can not really eliminate the threat and fear. US-Soviet rivalry during the Cold War history has proved this point. In order to achieve mutual trust, first of all must continue to develop common interests, respect each other’s strategic interests. (Reporter Luo Zheng)
related topics: 2010 China’s defense white paper