Russo-Japanese islands dispute intensified strategic interest for the wins are not afford to lose
2 19, Japan’s Chief Cabinet Secretary Yukio Ueno branch fly from Japan claims sovereignty over the aerial inspection of the” four northern islands. ”
BEIJING, Feb. 20 Xinhua comprehensive report, most recently Japan and Russia on the four northern islands disputed between the two countries (Russia, said “Southern Kuril Islands”) on the controversy intensified. 19, Japanese Chief Cabinet Secretary Yukio wild branches from the aerial inspection by plane, “the four northern islands.” Russian Foreign Ministry said on this branch Yukio Ueno said in a statement, the statement Yukio wild branches “contradictory” in the hope that Japan abandon the “double approach”, called on Japan to take concrete action to start on the two sides signed a peace treaty discussions.
Last November, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev’s visit to the island country after becoming the first to climb the disputed islands of the former Soviet Union, Russia and the Russian head of state. Russo-Japanese “Northern Territories” dispute this again surfaced. February 11, Japanese Foreign Minister Maehara Russia, with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov held talks, but without result.
At the same time, Russia to speed up the development trend of the South Kuril Islands, has become increasingly evident, on the one hand to introduce foreign capital to accelerate local economic development, on the other plans to enhance the island’s military forces, strengthen its military presence.
the South Kuril Islands as an important strategic position, Russia and Japan have important geopolitical and economic strategic importance, expected around the four islands between Japan and Russia will become more inextricably linked to the competition.
dispute over the island for hundreds of years
Kuril Islands, located north of the Western Pacific, at the southern tip of Russia’s Kamchatka Peninsula, northeastern Hokkaido, Japan Luopateka angle The Na Shabu angle between the Sea of ??Okhotsk north brief, south Pacific, with a total area of ??about 15,600 square kilometers, stretching over 1,200 km north-south, forming a natural boundary of the Pacific and Sea of ??Okhotsk.
Russia and Japan has territorial disputes is Habomai, Dan, after the country and Etorofu Island and other islands. Back in the late 17th century, Russia began to fight for these islands, so far, up to 300 years.
According to Japanese historical records, the late Warring States period, development of Hokkaido, Japan. The four northern islands was first to Ainu life. Ainu tribe is Japan’s first inhabitants. 1644, a Japanese rendering of the map contains the four northern islands.
also moved out of Russia in their history books, Russia, as early as 1691, Russian explorers on board the Kuril Islands, and to the islands named “Courier Islands.” Since then, several explorers landed here. To 1779, the Kuril Islands, Russia government official yet to have a clear ownership of the territory in all the islands have been classified.
18 century, Japan and Russia have carried out in this development. 1855, Russia signed the “Treaty and pro-flak”, agreed the “Kuril Islands” to urup Island is bounded to the south owned by Japan, go north of Russia, Sakhalin temporarily as outstanding. Which confirmed Japan’s “Southern Kuril Islands,” the possession relationship.
1875, the two countries signed the “Sakhalin Island and the Kuril Islands north of exchange Treaty”, the daily accounting for southern Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands, Russia accounted for the northern phase exchange. 1905 Russo-Japanese War, the Japanese back for Russia’s Sakhalin Island to the south, and won a majority interest in the Far East Russia, all occupied the Kuril Islands.
Yalta Conference in 1945 among the United States and Britain pledged to achieve the former Soviet Union in the postwar South Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands and full sovereignty, and signed the Yalta Agreement.
1945 年 8 8, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan, the Far East campaign was launched, and the Kuril Islands and the Far East campaign is an important part of the battle. August 18, 1945, Kuril Islands Soviet attack began after the occupation, including the four northern islands, including the Kuril Islands, the Kuril Islands and the following year announced that the Soviet Union territory.
1950 years later, the four northern islands were incorporated into the Soviet administrative planning under Sakhalin. Then four on the island of 17,000 residents of Japan, the Soviet Union was expelled after the Soviet Union will be a large-scale immigration to the four islands, said most of these people is the Soviet-era labor camp staff.
after the Japanese surrender, the former Soviet Union that is based on the Yalta agreement that has sovereignty over the land. In 1951 San Francisco Peace Treaty signed in the second chapter, “territory”, the Japanese agreed to give up on the Kuril Islands and Sakhalin Island since 1905 Portsmouth Peace Treaty after the acquisition of territory by all rights and claims. Provision does not agree the scope of the Kuril Islands, but at the signing time, to give up adopted by the scope of Japan, including after the island and Etorofu Island. However, the former Soviet Union did not sign the peace treaty.
intractable political problems plagued the Russo-Japanese
after World War II, ownership of the four northern islands Japan and Russia signed several treaties, but have failed to resolve the question of attribution. But since last year, the competition between the two countries intensified around the four islands.
1956, the former Soviet Union and Japan signed the “Soviet-Japanese Joint Declaration,” but because the two countries of the South Kuril Islands issue of sovereignty can not agree, the Japanese Diet in February 1956 was canceled to give up after the island and the island of Etorofu resolution, do not give up sovereignty over the South Kuril Islands; Although the former Soviet Union had also agreed to return Habomai and Shikotan islands, but not on the island after the country and part of the island of Etorofu consensus, so the final agreement, and did not reach any agreement on the territorial dispute, there is no declaration of any relevant content.
the former Soviet Union, Russia inherited the political legacy of the former Soviet Union. After 2004, Russia decided to return smaller Habomai and Shikotan (disputed areas accounted for 6% of land area), but the Japanese refused.
1991 after the disintegration of the Soviet Union, yearn Japanese economic assistance to Russia, began to actively seek to improve relations with Russia. Japan took the opportunity to once again put on the four northern islands of the agenda of bilateral relations.
Russian President Boris Yeltsin has made over five phases to address the idea, it seems that a peaceful solution to the four northern islands bring a ray of hope. However, due to strong resistance within Russia, and later changed to say he had “four northern islands is the best person to the next generation to solve.”
2000, Putin was elected Russian president, did not return the four islands in the compromise on the issue. September 2009 he and former Japanese Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori’s talks in the Russian-Japanese relations, while recognizing there are territorial issues, but said the return of four islands premature.
until November 2004, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov compromise proposal put forward by the media, said Russia plans to conclude a peace treaty with Japan to return the four northern islands of the two islands. The next day, Putin said at a government meeting that Russia and the Soviet Union in 1956, according to the Japanese Joint Declaration, the Habomai and Shikotan islands returned to Japan.
This proposal has led to confusion of Japanese society. Japan believes that if you agreed to this proposal, it means giving up the sovereignty of the two larger islands, if you do not agree, but to give up this rare progress. Total area of ??the two islands only 362 square kilometers, the island’s total area less than four one-twentieth, if Japan agreed to this program is very worthwhile.
December 24 that year, Putin said the Japanese government can only return the four northern islands to Japan two islands in a statement stressed that Japan demanded that Russia return the four northern islands of the position will not change .
Japanese Foreign Minister Nobutaka Machimura issued a statement that Japan’s basic stance as before, in resolving the ownership of the four northern islands after the peace treaty signed with Russia’s position will not change.
Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi when he said, the four northern islands are Japanese territory, why not be returned to Russia for the four northern islands, Japan was incomprehensible. Japan’s Chief Cabinet Secretary Hiroyuki Hosoda said in August 1945 the four northern islands of Japan on the 17,000 residents were back to Japan is a historical fact. Government’s request to return all four northern islands of Japan’s position has not changed.
Russian officials frequently inspection desire to strengthen its military presence
in silence for some time, Russian President boarded the four northern islands Japan and Russia once again ignited the two State of the four islands of the battle. November 1, 2010, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev arrived in the South Kuril Islands in the island country after the inspection. Medvedev pledged to improve local people’s living standards, commitment to increase investment in the local.
This is the former Soviet Union and the Russian head of state’s first on the South Kuril Islands. Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan expressed “great regret.” Japanese Foreign Minister Maehara emphasized that the four northern islands as Japanese territory, Medvedev’s actions hurt the feelings of the Japanese. The style of hard-line foreign minister claimed that the matter will be further investigated.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that the November 14, 2010, in Yokohama, Japan at the APEC informal leadership meeting, Medvedev during a meeting with Naoto Kan, reiterated Russia’s South Kuril Islands territorial dispute on the issue of position.
Sergei Lavrov told a news conference: “Naoto Kan, Japanese Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev visits to the island after the country expressed regret and we have to evaluate is: Russian president visits Russia decide any regions. This is our territory, will continue to do so after. “He said,” I hope the Japanese counterparts, or should be more rational treatment of this problem. ”
and then went to visit the South Kuril Islands, Russian officials have been increasing, and mainly military officials. January 20, Russian Deputy Defense Minister Bulgakov Russian military delegation led by Japan and Russia visited the islands in the disputed Etorofu Island and after the island country. Bulgakov Etorofu Island in the Russian air base visit and presence of military units such as artillery, ground troops and look at the problems. Access ends on June 23.
new Japanese Chief Cabinet branch 21, said Yukio Ueno, Bulgakov’s the event of deep regret. Japanese media analysts said, Bulgakov’s visit highlighted Russia in the military sense, it attaches great importance to “the four northern islands” attitude.
2 4, Russian Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov arrived in Japan there are ownership disputes with the South Kuril Islands (Japan said that the four northern islands), stationed in the country after the island, the island’s Russian Etorofu to inspect troops, and the island of some social projects were studied.
in the South Kuril Islands, after several visits, the Russian government said it would strengthen the military presence in the South Kuril Islands. Japanese media have said that this shows that Russia has no intention to return the four northern islands.
Medvedev February 9 meeting at the presidential palace, said Serdyukov, including the four northern islands, including the South Kuril Islands, Russia “strategic areas”, he asked the local military to enhance and improve the Russia’s sense of place. Medvedev stressed that the South Kuril Islands, is “an inalienable part of Russia”, “additional deployment at the local arms must be sufficient to protect the safety of modern equipment.” Japan’s Kyodo News reported that Medvedev’s remarks once again that he did not intend to return the four northern islands of Japan,
9, the Russian Defense Ministry sources said the French shipyard manufacturing in the first two vessel “West Wind”-class helicopter carrier will be transferred to the Pacific Fleet. Russian navy said a senior officer, two head “Northwest Wind”-class helicopter carrier transfer to the Pacific Fleet’s decision illustrates the importance of the region.
Russia’s armed forces chief of staff Makarov says it will create a new presence on the Kuril Islands and troops. Dmitry Medvedev, according to the instructions, will reside forces with new weapons, and promote military modernization.
and Social Commission of the presidium of the Russian Ministry of Defense Igor Shevchenko said ? Colorado, Kuril Islands, military equipment replacement should focus on air defense missile systems, and the construction of the airport network equipped with advanced air base, and for the Pacific Fleet Updated warships and missile boats.
Colorado Shevchenko said: “In order to ensure the sovereignty of Russia’s Kuril Islands, in addition to the presence there of the 18th battalion of the regular equipment updates, must also be deployed in the Kuril Islands, two S-400 ‘Triumph ‘air defense missile battalion, while the’ armor-S1 ‘air defense missile system and is equipped with’ gem ‘anti-ship missiles of the’ fortress’ shore-based missile system will become the cover of these two camps, but also create a number of modern radar stations . “
In addition, according to him, on the Kuril Islands, the existing airport and airport facilities, after conversion, may be deployed on the island air base, equipped with new multi-purpose fighter Su-35 and anti-submarine aircraft.
in strengthening the arms, Russia also said that efforts to enhance the development of the South Kuril Islands. 11, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said Russia welcomes foreign investors to do business with the South Kuril Islands, and prepared to provide preferential policies. Japanese Foreign Minister Maehara said the opposition, said the move would lead to “complicate the situation.”
Lavrov 11 with visiting Japanese Foreign Minister Maehara together after meeting at a press conference, said: “We are ready to discuss the plan in the Kuril Islands to carry out commercial activities of foreign investors the feasibility of concessions, the law allows us to do so. “he said, the Kuril Islands, with fish processing, fisheries, infrastructure construction, geothermal resources, and tourism and many other great prospects for joint development projects with Russia welcomes foreign investors to participate in development.
Maehara responded that the “northern territories territory since ancient times in Japan,” Japan against foreign investors to develop its “northern territories.” He said, “other countries in the Northern Territory’s investment is totally inconsistent with Japan’s position, and complicate the situation.”
the latest news that Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin will be around March, as Chanan in the Kuril Islands. According to Japan’s “Yomiuri Shimbun” reported the newspaper’s Moscow correspondent interviewed the experts noted that Russia has made it clear to the development and strengthening the jurisdiction of the Northern Territory. Putin is about as early as March this year, may inspect the northern islands. It is said that the northern islands of the security services have begun to make early preparations for the Putin visit.
strategic and political needs of the Russo-Japanese anyone afford to lose
the small size of the four northern islands, Russia and Japan compete for hundreds of years why is it So far, endlessly? The main reason is the strategic position of the four northern islands is critical to both Russia and Japan on this issue, the two countries no one afford to lose.
Russians believe that, accounting for 0.029% of Russia’s territorial relationship with the South Kuril Islands, Russia, the rise and fall. Kuril Islands, Russia’s Sea of ??Okhotsk and the Pacific is a natural dividing line, if you return the four northern islands, Russia’s Pacific exports will be sealed. If this strategy to be the country it controls, the Sea of ??Okhotsk to become a “Dead Sea”, the Russian Far East, the door will be open to the world blocked.
the strategic value of the four northern islands of Japan, is also beyond doubt. Singapore “Lianhe Zaobao” analysis, the four northern islands are actually the northern end of Hokkaido, Japan, screen protecting the importance of safety protection. Japan’s small land area, lack of strategic barriers, if they can recover the four northern islands, Hokkaido is in the north and build a natural defensive barrier on the Japanese mainland to play the role of strategic defense, while also balancing the Russian Far East and the influence of North Pacific .
addition to the important strategic interests, to recover the northern territories of Japan’s postwar history out of the shadow, and thus ranks among the world’s a sign of political power. This is Japan vowed, make unremitting efforts to recapture the four northern islands of the important reasons.
of Japan and Russia in recent months around the disputed islands of the escalating diplomatic battle, analysts said that with the situation in both countries, the leaders of the political needs of a close relationship. “Lianhe Zaobao” quoted analysts as saying that the Russo-Japanese war leaders, high-profile island, in fact, related with the domestic political situation. Medvedev and Russia’s high-profile landing on the domestic political situation. Russia will hold parliamentary elections this year, next year is a presidential election year.
Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin seems intent to participate in next year’s presidential election, but Medvedev seems unwilling to handing over political power; always gives the impression that Medvedev as Putin’s tough to win re-election must show tough side.
served as the Director of the Japanese Foreign Ministry, Sun Kawasaki international intelligence sharing to accept the “Asia Times” interview, pointed out: “Russians want a strong leader, he (Medvedev) attempt at a critical election Prior to enhance their public image. “
the Japanese also need to use the four northern islands to enhance national cohesion, to improve government support rate. The economy could struggle in Japan, the world’s second largest economy status has been replaced by China; government not to take performance, public support rate is steadily decline.
Since 1981, every year on February 7, held in Tokyo, the Japanese government should demand the return of the Northern Territory National Convention. Can be expected, the Russo-Japanese territorial issues around the struggle of this will continue.