Sea Battle, the United States the concept of China as opponents (map)
information Figure: U.S. Navy aircraft carrier battle group
the Pentagon in the U.S. view, China’s rapid economic development, comprehensive national strength constantly jump, especially military power becomes stronger, the United States In the Western Pacific region pose a challenge. It is based on a strategy to determine the U.S. threw out the “Air Sea Battle,” in an attempt to deter or defeat a potential regional rival. Look at the new operational concept the U.S., we can see the new changes in U.S. military strategy.
the United States following the “ground war”, “air and space war” after the launch of ‘air and maritime war “concept
as military science and technology and The rapid development of weapons and equipment, as well as the evolving form of war, the U.S. military theory innovation and development, innovation, has introduced a “ground war”, “space war” and “Air Sea Battle” concept.
back in the late 1970s, the U.S. Army and Air Force jointly developed a “ground war” concept, and in the early 1980s began to implement the purpose of NATO in response to the European Central front face of major operational problems. Practice has proved that the U.S. military use of “ground war” theory, has won the battle in Panama, the Gulf war.
“space war” concept, the first from the Air Force Command. 1982-1993, U.S. Air Force Space Command has set up, space operations center, and Building a space expedition and actively develop new weapons, space weapons and information. In the 21st century, the U.S. military and armed forces have set up a joint Space Command, Air Force Space Warfare Center and other institutions, specifically proposed the establishment of a seamless aerospace force. Since the 1990s, several high-tech local wars, the U.S. military succeeded in “space war” theory into practice, and achieved remarkable success.
current commander of U.S. European Command and NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Admiral James, in May 1992 put forward the idea of ??joint sea and air operations. September 2009, Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. Norton Schwartz and Chief of Naval Operations Gary Roughead has signed a memorandum of its core content is the integration of naval and air combat capability through the joint Asia-Pacific allies together to contain or defeat a potential regional rival. In May 2010, the U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates in a speech, formally proposed the “Air Sea Battle” concept.
“Air Sea Battle” concept is a full-dimensional operations concept, its essence is to emphasize the U.S. military to take full advantage in the aerospace, networking, electronics and other aspects of dominance, such as Guam and Japan and South Korea allied combat and logistic base, the air and sea combat forces, space and cyberspace operations forces led the joint to form a space-based system as the core, the space-based platforms, space-based platforms and sea-based platform consisting of multi-dimensional operational system, in full-dimensional space to accelerate the effective integration of combat forces, organized and implemented in the Western Pacific theater of operations level campaign designed to destroy the opponents of “anti-intervention/Area Denial” capability.
“air and maritime war” theory will lead the transformation of U.S. military strategy and focus eastward
accordance with the “Air Sea Battle” concept put forward the initiative in the next period of time, the U.S. will accelerate the strategic transformation to enhance combat capability, actively to win, “Air Sea Battle,” in preparation.
I believe that under the “air and maritime war” concept, the U.S. military will focus on strengthening the following areas of work.
the enhancement of intelligence information system. U.S. military services will increase across the electronic warfare capacity building inputs, including long-range air defense outside the invisible electronic warfare platforms (manned and unmanned) into coordination; joint research and development and deployment of fully compatible with each other intelligence reconnaissance and surveillance operations and processing and distribution system; the next generation of data transmission, data structures and information technology infrastructure and operational needs of the joint assessment.
second is to strengthen command and control system construction. Joint assessment of the U.S. military will strengthen maritime air operations center and operations center of the building, to ensure the attainment of full connectivity in the near future to maintain the common operational picture to support the Navy’s air operations. Joint Space Operations Center and will establish an offshore node, the establishment of a multinational space operations center, in order to enhance the level of operational integration, and enhance the survivability of command and control system capabilities.
third is to accelerate the development of new weapons and equipment. On the one hand, the U.S. military R & D and fielding the next generation of remote, invisible air platforms, including UAVs and manned aircraft, including combat support precision-guided weapons, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance sensors, advanced air to air missiles, a variety of trap bombs, electronic attack systems and directed energy weapons. At the same time, will focus on improving command and control system of the UAV capability, development and use of related technology, unmanned aerial vehicles and control of a particular person command and control system aircraft in case of damage, can continue to operate in the extended range.
other hand, the U.S. military will also develop resistance to destruction capability and can carry out multiple tasks against the remote long-endurance platform, carrier-based unmanned combat systems, remote land-attack cruise missiles invisible; development long-range anti-ship missiles, so that from manned and unmanned aerial platforms and ships and submarines launched.
In addition, the U.S. military will also develop a new navigation system to reduce reliance on the GPS, the GPS system to ensure that the lack of support or in case of serious damage to the GPS system, or support of precision guided weapons to make up for navigation, accurate navigation and timing gaps.
fourth is to strengthen air naval joint military exercises. U.S. Air Force and Navy will be organized regularly, and the Army’s land-based missile defense forces, joint exercises, focused on training U.S. military base in the Western Pacific region integrated land, air and sea-based missile defense. Meanwhile, the U.S. will strengthen Japan’s missile defense forces and joint exercises, to defend the goal in Japan and its allies to establish and maintain interoperability between the missile defense capabilities.
Fifth Asia-Pacific region to strengthen the construction of military bases. U.S. military will selectively reinforce specific bases in Guam and other facilities, renovated in Dini An Island, Saipan and Palau and other places of small base, improve its satellite base in Guam rapid runway repair capacity, to ensure that the U.S. military in Guam, Anderson Air Force Base, in the case can not be used to support air operations.
Sixth, strengthen the battle system. U.S. military to protect sea lines of communication will increase with the implementation of tasks such as interception of low number of ships to improve their combat capability with the option to expand the scale of maritime patrol aircraft, used to support the protection of sea lines of communication and interception, and in Western Pacific region’s main anti-submarine and surface reconnaissance missions.
7 is to strengthen military cooperation with Japan. Japan is located in the Western Pacific Region, in the future, “Air Sea Battle” actions, will play an important role. The United States will help Japan enhance its combat capability, such as strengthening a particular base, to improve the rapid runway repair capabilities, the key military installations and sites buried in the earth or among the mountains; to strengthen air defense and missile defense capabilities; expanding the fourth-generation fighter scale and obtain the fifth-generation fighter, the use of airspace and air defense fighter cover for U.S. warplanes to attack the task; the development of undersea warfare and antisubmarine warfare capabilities, including its submarine force and the ability of unmanned underwater launcher; use of the Ryukyu Islands geography advantage, the establishment of anti-submarine barrier, and so on.
is worth noting that in recent years, the U.S. military gradually expanded its military presence in the Western Pacific region, to speed up the strategic center of gravity eastwards.
embodied in the First, to constantly adjust the deployment of troops in East Asia, to strengthen military exchanges with allies. U.S. Army First Army in its headquarters moved to Washington from the U.S. mainland Japan, to strengthen the Pacific Command’s command and control capabilities, in turn, the most advanced nuclear-powered aircraft carrier “Washington” to deploy naval base in Yokosuka, Japan . In addition, a coastal region of East Asia to increase the number of special operations forces, improve their combat capability.
The second is to strengthen the Guam base, expanding the size of resident forces. U.S. Air Force will increase the bombers, F-15E fighter, “Global Hawk” unmanned reconnaissance aircraft, aerial refueling and the latest type of F/A-22 “Raptor” stealth fighter aircraft number; U.S. Navy also plans to deploy an aircraft carrier in Guam strike group, nuclear-powered attack submarine has been increased to 15.
third is to strengthen military cooperation with Taiwan. Early last year, the United States ignored China’s opposition, deliberately decided to sell Taiwan 60 UH-60 “Blackhawk” helicopter, “Patriot” with the Taiwan-3 missile defense communications systems and related equipment.
fourth in the Western Pacific region hold military exercises. The end of July last year, the United States and South Korea in the Sea of ??Japan held a “indomitable will” of the military exercises, many of the media that the exercise is the “Air Sea Battle,” the simulation.
Fifth, pay close attention to the Asia Pacific region to build new military bases. U.S. ready to Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, the Philippines, Vietnam and other Southeast Asian countries and Australia to establish a new base and leased military bases in India to improve its rapid response capability.
“Air Sea Battle,” a challenge to China’s security, China must be prepared to face the challenge
the United States threw out the “air and maritime war” concept, the finger directly at China, which will undoubtedly make to our national security challenges, worthy of our great concern.
first, the first public challenge to China from the United States as opponents. In 1998, the United States’ National Security Strategy of the new century, “the report declared that the U.S. goal is to” lead the world “will never allow any big power or group of countries pose a challenge to his leadership. Announced in September 2002 “National Security Strategy” report, the U.S. government publicly declared that “any hostile military power does not allow the rise,” “does not allow any foreign forces to challenge the same as during the Cold War American power.” The Pentagon that the United States in the Asia Pacific region is only a “gradual rise of the military competitor,” that is China. U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates said last year: “In the foreseeable future, the only U.S. regional influence and power projection capability is a potential long-term, serious challenges the country is China.”
United States has always been the enemies of tradition, which is a U.S. strategic needs. During the Cold War, former Soviet Union to rival the United States, do everything possible through political, economic, cultural and other means to penetrate, disrupt and subvert, especially the use of the arms race and other military means, the former Soviet Union in the wrong direction, until the former Soviet Union. Later, the United States has listed the “rogue state” and “axis of evil” and other hostile countries. Today, Americans count it a repeat of its “air and maritime war” concept, the United States to achieve its strategic intent as a powerful starting point.
second challenge comes from the U.S. introduction of the use of force in the Western Pacific’s top-level design.
at the strategic level, “Air Sea Battle” concept will help the United States to maintain stability in the Western Pacific region’s overall strategy, including the defense of U.S. territory (eg Guam) and its bases and facilities; to defend an important ally; protection United States and its allies in maritime trade; blocking opponents maritime trade; to suppress and repel opponents; and in the western Pacific under the command of the implementation of other power-projection operations.
the campaign level, “Air Sea Battle” concept will help the U.S. deal with opponents of “anti-intervention/Area Denial ‘ability to bring new challenges and opportunities.
at the tactical level, “Air Sea Battle” concept will be the future of the Western Pacific region for the characteristics of operations, as well as some of the tactical level interaction (such as missile attack and missile defense) layer of the consequences arising from the battle, to guide the United States solve problems.
third challenge comes from fiction in the United States against the outbreak of conflict in the Western Pacific war plan.
set from the battle, the United States to “Air Sea Battle,” is divided into two stages. The first stage is the initial phase of the war, including four operational plans, mainly for the opponents battle network implementation, “blinding” attack, suppression of opponents against long-range intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance systems and capture system to maintain air and sea space and system the advantages of cyberspace; the second phase of major combat operations in support of the United States to win a long conventional war, including carry out a protracted war, the implementation of “remote blocking” combat, combat logistics capabilities to maintain and expand industrial production (especially precision-guided weapons), etc. .
from a combat point of view, the U.S. ‘air and maritime war, “the focus is primarily on air and maritime information warfare, air and maritime missile defense, air and maritime anti-submarine, air and maritime combat, air and maritime blockade, air and maritime support protection, etc., expect full wreck opponents in space, air, land, sea, cyberspace combat system.
fourth challenge is to defend U.S. allies and support. In Asia Pacific, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Australia and other traditional U.S. allies are, if friction, defense treaty based on security needs, the state will take a different approach with U.S. support, jointly crack down on opponents.
the face of America’s strategic deterrence, we must face the challenge calmly. Not only in strategic defiance, but also in tactical importance, especially to grasp the following questions.
maintenance of peace requires a strong national defense capabilities. Deng Xiaoping pointed out that China is an important force in safeguarding world peace, China’s more powerful, more peaceful world. “The enemy without fighting the soldiers’, usually a strong military power backed.
maintaining international peace and security needs a stable environment. To deal with the U.S. ‘air and maritime war “, the most important is to maintain our national security and stability. Also, properly handle the relationship between China and the outside, truly build a harmonious external environment.
maintenance of peace requires a strong sense of the people and the great national spirit. We can not forget, repeated that “American decline” theory, it is the Americans themselves. U.S. hegemony in the world took 60 years, eight sing the “decline of the Song,” and each “American decline” theory, the changes are once again the United States, transit, and enhance strength. In the 1970s, the Japanese are the climax of the rise in the country, issued a “Japanese sank,” cries, which is great and the nation on the crisis early warning and a strong sensitivity of hardship.
pride of Chinese people as China’s economic development and to continuously upgrade is inevitable, but the pride aside, we must not forget to leave the teachings of the sages sage: “Security and forget the danger, kept And forget the dead, cure and forget chaos. ” Prepared, the highest decline Hing think, is the continuation of a nation and a powerful essence.
(Author: Air Force Command College)